On the occasion of International Women’s Day, the Aurat march is being held in major cities across Pakistan, including Karachi, Lahore, and Multan.The organiser of the Karachi Aurat march said on Twitter that “it can stop, so we can’t march,” but that “our protest will not stop.”
She also stated that they would organise a sit-in on March 8th, following the SOPs, to demand an end to injustice, abuse, discrimination, imperialism, and oppression.
‘Women’s Health Issues’ is the subject of this year’s Lahore Women’s March.
The theme of the Lahore Women’s March, according to organisers, covers both physical and mental health problems for women.
COVID has disrupted the healthcare system. It’s important to know its specific impacts on womxn, so that we don’t insivibilise their issues.
— عورت مارچ لاہور – Aurat March Lahore (@AuratMarch) February 12, 2021
— عورت مارچ لاہور – Aurat March Lahore (@AuratMarch) March 5, 2021
The Aurat March, on the other hand, has called a sit-in for their rights on March 8 at Karachi Frere Hall in honour of Women’s Day.
It is important to note that the defence of women’s rights requires the presence of legislation. Despite the fact that the Pakistani constitution guarantees the security of women’s rights, women face difficulties as a result of how these laws are interpreted and implemented.
In Pakistan, International Women’s Day is also recognised as the Aurat March. This march for women’s rights has faced considerable resistance in recent years, but despite the fact that it has been held since 2016 and its visibility has grown, we continue to see abuses of women’s rights, injustice, and barbarism.
Kidnapping, kidnapping, abuse, early marriage, disenfranchisement, and denial of education to girls are still big disasters in our community.
Though women’s rights have gained traction as a result of the Aurat March, what is less discussed is what women’s rights are in the Pakistani Constitution and how they can be obtained through it. Many that may not have these rights or who abuse them, on the other hand, can face fines.
Equal educational rights
Education is a civil and fundamental right of a child, according to the Pakistani Constitution and Penal Code. Despite this, it has been found that most parents deny their daughters access to schooling.
According to Article 25-A of Pakistan’s Constitution, the government is required to provide free and compulsory standard education to children aged 5 to 16.
According to a Human Rights Watch survey, about 22.5 million children in Pakistan, mostly girls, lack access to basic education. Girls in primary school make up 32% of those who do not attend, while boys in the same age group make up 21% of those who do not attend.
59 percent of girls do not attend school until the sixth grade. Boys, on the other hand, make up 49% of those who do not attend kindergarten. In the ninth grade, only 13% of girls attend kindergarten. The number of boys and girls who do not attend school is alarming. Women, on the other hand, are disproportionately impacted.
Early marriage or forced marriage
A boy under the age of 18 and a girl under the age of 16 are not allowed to marry in Pakistan, according to the constitution. Marriage without permission or by coercion is unconstitutional in Pakistan, according to the Pakistan Penal Code 1860.
Early marriages of children, on the other hand, are a frequent occurrence. This marriages are conducted for a variety of reasons, especially in rural areas. This may include property purchase, children, land tenure, and other factors.
Often occasions, these marriages are arranged by the abduction of young people. When the law of Pakistan states that those who have such a marriage will be punished with 3 to 5 years in jail and a fine of Rs 500,000, it is clear that those who have such a marriage will be punished.
Women’s right to property
Women in Pakistani society are often evicted from their homes and denied their sharia and legal rights. The Pakistani constitution, on the other hand, expressly recognises women’s right to land.
Pakistan’s National Assembly and Senate passed the Enforcement of Women’s Property Rights Act 2020 in February of last year to protect women’s property rights.
Women are robbed of property by unlawful and counterfeiting, according to the bill. As a result, women’s right to own land must be safeguarded. Women have a legal right to their share of the land, according to the constitution.
A person who commits adultery by compelling a woman (or child) to commit sex, murder, or harm without his permission is said to be a perpetrator of rape, according to sections 376 and 375 of the Pakistan Penal Code.
In this situation, the woman has the legal right to file a lawsuit against the man. As a result, the guy will face legal action in Pakistan.
The defendant will face the death penalty or a term of between 10 and 25 years in jail, as well as a fine.
Despite this, the number of rape cases in Pakistan rose by 200 percent in February of last year, according to a survey by the Sustainable Social Development Organization. 73 rape cases and 5 gang rape cases were registered in Lahore alone, according to the study.
Law against harassment
Harassment is described as attempting to disrespect a women’s reputation by cursing, uttering a word that offends or harasses a woman, or verbally harassing a woman, according to the Penal Code. Such an individual would be disciplined forcibly, whether at home or at work.
Harassment is punishable in Pakistan by three years in jail and a fine of Rs 500,000, according to the constitution. The women who find themselves in these positions should exercise their civil rights and seek justice.